In many cultures at various times the idea that the self or I is illusory showed up. The thought that me doesn’t exist happened to be thought by many thinkers. The similarities between these perspectives are striking. Is there a strong argument for seeing the self as an illusion, a misunderstanding of ourselves?
I present an overview of such ideas and a counter proposal. Namely, I propose to regard self as a complex self-organizing system submerged in the mind.
In modern science and in popular belief mind is understood as a highly sophisticated computer – a machine that calculates, computes, runs algorithms to produce thought, understand language, control behavior. From some time, alternative ideas pop up in areas of cognitive science, psychology and neuroscience. In particular, it can be seen that a perspective of complex systems and dynamical systems is employed in attempts to research, characterize and understand what mind is and how does it work.